A manual covering first aid measures specific to sulfuric acid is available on request from NorFalco. Every safety step, properly followed, reduces the chance and effect of even minor accidents. However, here are some procedures to follow should an incident occur.
|IF SPLASHED, run to the shower, removing clothes while washing and, most importantly, stay in the shower for at least 15 minutes to dilute the corrosive effects of the acid. Cool down small burns with white terry cloth towels, set aside for first aid, dipped in ice water. Co-workers should make sure the victim remains in the shower for the full time and, no matter how minor the splash, immediate medical help should be sought. This will help avoid secondary effects that could occur later.|
|IF EYES ARE SPLASHED, immediately flush with water for a minimum of 15 minutes, or longer if burning persists, while holding the eyelids open. Co-workers should help to keep victim's eyelids open and get immediate medical help.|
|IF ACID IS INGESTED and the victim is conscious, have the person drink lots of plain water. Do not use antacids. Then immediately take the person to the hospital. DO NOT induce vomiting because it could cause a second round of burning. If the victim is unconscious, seek immediate medical attention.|
|IF ACID MIST IS INHALED, and causes irritation, remove the victim to fresh air. If the person is not breathing, administer artificial respiration. Oxygen may be required, but in either case, seek medical help immediately. |
Safety Showers and Eye Wash Stations
Safety showers and eye wash stations with alarms must be located wherever acid is being handled, and must be checked daily.
Safety showers must be located within a 10 second unobstructed walk on the same level as the hazard. Safety showers must be supplied with tepid water (25 to 33 degree C / 78 to 92 degree F) and provide a minimum 15 minutes of 20 USGPM flow rate to meet OSHA standards. If the possibility of freezing exists, freeze protection must be provided.
If the loading or unloading area has two levels, a safety station must be located on each level. Showers should also be located in nearby buildings, so that one is always accessible if a spill makes others unusable. Daily testing ensures correct operation and appropriate water temperature. Water should be tepid because an accident victim will have to stay under the shower for at least 15 minutes. An alarm, triggered automatically by the use of the shower or eye wash station, is a signal for co-workers to immediately provide assistance.